Canaan Valley West Virginia

Canaan Valley

If you were to think of Tucker County, West Virginia as a giant bowl walled in by the Allegheny Mountains, you wouldn’t be entirely wrong. More precisely though, that bowl is the Canaan Valley. Canaan Mountain and Cabin Mountain of the upper Allegheny range lend the valley its distinct elliptic shape. Here the Blackwater River has carved away the sandstone, limestone, and shale to reveal an ecology you won’t find anywhere else in the eastern United States. 

This high-elevation 25,000-acre valley stays cooler year-round than most of the state. Temperatures can drop below freezing even in the dog days of summer, but typical summertime afternoons reach the mid-70s making Canaan Valley a welcome escape from the humidity of nearby D.C. 

A view of Canaan Valley, WV looking South from Canaan Heights
A view of Canaan Valley, WV looking south from Canaan Heights

What’s In a Name 

If you’re a new visitor to Canaan Valley, you’ll need to know one quirky little fact. Canaan is pronounced keh-NAYNE with the stress on the second syllable. You’ll give away your newcomer status if you pronounce it like the biblical promise land Canaan (KAY-nan). 

As the legend goes, an early German settler to the area said the valley was as gorgeous as the site described in the Bible. His mispronunciation of the word stuck. Of course, others argue that the name evolved from Little Canada which is a bygone nickname of the town of Davis. Either way, the Canaan Valley is one of several places names throughout the state with creative pronunciations. 

Canaan Valley Things to Do

Canaan Valley is punctuated by the towns of Thomas, Davis to the northeast, and Parsons to the southwest where all the delights of small-town West Virginia await. In between, visitors are welcome to discover some of the most unadulterated and unparalleled natural landscape anywhere. Canaan Valley boasts National Forest, Federal Wilderness, a Fish and Wildlife Refuge, and State Park. This equals more adventure—skiing, hiking, fishing, mountain biking—than any one person can tackle in a weekend. Although, we hope you’ll try to prove us wrong. Let’s just say, you’ll sleep fine while you’re here. For a complete list of all the area has to offer please visit our Things to Do page. 

Where is Canaan Valley Located?

Canaan Valley is centrally located in the Mid Atlantic and nestled comfortably in the mountains of West Virginia’s Potomac Highlands. It only takes a 3-hour drive from Washington DC, Pittsburgh, or Richmond to get there! You can also check out this map for more information (link). Alternatively, it will take about 5 hours on average if you’re coming from Columbus, Cincinnati, or Philadelphia.

Map of Canaan Valley

Canaan Valley, WV Weather

Canaan Valley sits at 3200 feet above sea level and this elevation has some significant effects on the weather and climate of the region: The temperatures are usually 10-15 degrees cooler than lower elevations in warmer areas like Charleston, WV for example. Daytime temperatures in both the fall and the spring tend to average in the mid-50’s, summer days averaging in the 70’s, and winter days averaging in the 30’s. To stay up to date with current conditions we recommend checking out two websites – Weather Underground or

Additional Local Attractions

Related Canaan Valley, WV Pages